Aerophones are instruments whose sound is produced primarily by vibrating a column of air. The instrument itself does not vibrate significantly, and there are no vibrating strings or membranes.



Ronald Bruce Smith’s “Constellation for orchestra and live electronics,” produced in collaboration between Berkeley Symphony and UC Berkeley’s Center for Music and Audio Technologies (CNMAT).

The World Premiere was given by the Berkeley Symphony Orchestra under the baton of Maestro Kent Nagano on November 10, 2000; it was revised in 2003.